Basics of Taxation, Income tax and working principles.

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Brief history of Taxing

Unlike what we know today, the US used to be income-tax-free. This was mainly because of the absence of the federal government in its infancy years. The US was under a British colony, so it imposed a few taxes on its citizens. Some of these taxes were the head tax, a tax imposed on each adult male, the realty tax, a tax on land and buildings, and the legendary tea tax that ignited the historic Boston Tea Party.

The American Revolutionary War, a significant event in the history of the United States, began in 1775 and lasted till 1783. This war, a military contention between George Washington-led American patriots and the British colony, marked a turning point in the nation’s history. The independence of the American people, achieved through this war, led to the imposition of income tax on the American people, a significant step in the nation’s financial system. 

The United States follows the trend of other developed nations by having high-earning citizens pay a more significant percentage of their income in taxes to the government. In a progressive tax system, higher rates are levied on those who can afford it. Income taxes at the federal level are between 10% and 37%  as of 2023.

What is a tax on income?

Income tax is a tax that governments levy on the income earned by firms and people within their sphere of influence. This tax is used to cater to public services, fund government responsibilities, and provide basic amenities for its citizens. It is a crucial source of revenue for the government, which is then used to fund various public services, such as healthcare, education, and infrastructure development. Individuals’ wages, salaries, and other income are subject to a Personal Income Tax. In contrast, gains earned by small firms, self-employed, companies and partnerships are subject to a Business Income Tax.

Five Crucial Questions To Ask Before Considering a Loan

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Considering taking a loan can be a significant decision in your financial journey. But the side effects of taking a loan with ignorance are one of the reasons we considered writing this blog post. The recent data from the Federal Reserve, showing that outstanding consumer debt in the United States exceeds $4 trillion, highlights how prevalent borrowing has become. Although, loans play a central role in financial strategies, it is crucial to approach them with a discerning mindset. Reports from the

Reports from the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (CFPB), also shows that a substantial percentage of consumers lack a comprehensive understanding of loan terms and their long-term financial implications. When considering loans, it is important to have a strategic approach and ask yourself five fundamental questions before starting. This will help you make informed decisions that align with your financial goals. 

1. What is the purpose of the loan?

Understanding the purpose of a loan is critical. The loan might be used for a variety of purposes, including purchasing a property, funding schooling, establishing a company, or reducing debt. For example, if a person or company is looking for a business loan, they must examine particular needs such as equipment purchases, marketing initiatives, or operational growth. It is incumbent upon the borrower to identify and articulate the precise objectives of the loan so that the lender can evaluate the creditworthiness of the borrower and approve the loan. As a result, understanding the loan’s objective is critical to obtaining financing and accomplishing the desired outcomes.

What is an Emergency Fund, and why you should consider having one?

As the name implies, an emergency fund is used for unforeseen emergencies that would be costly if not addressed quickly. Therefore, it is critical to have something to fall back on. As a result, emergency funds (savings) may be seen as financial assistance to turn to when there is a primary or unpleasant financial crisis that arises unexpectedly and needs quick attention or management. A form of savings account that you accumulate over time rather than one that you may use at any moment. 

What this blog covers:

  • Importance of Emergency Funds 
  • How much do you need in your emergency fund to start?
  • How to set up your emergency savings 

Emergency savings aim to have a quickly available pool of money to pay unforeseen needs without having to rely on loans, debts, or credit cards. 

THE ROLE OF BUDGETING IN FINANCES

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Introduction 

Being a graduate of a prestigious university and making a considerable income does not guarantee your financial safety. According to Parkinson’s law of spending, which states that expenses rise to meet income, people’s expenses will always increase proportionally to their income. This law validates the idea that people do not end up poor only because of the absence of money but also because of a lack of financial literacy. 

Financial literacy is the effective knowledge and understanding of using financial products, such as savings accounts, investments, and insurance, and skills, such as budgeting and debt management, to manage money and save individuals from financial unaccountability, fraud, and scams. 

To be financially literate is to have an intricate understanding of how money behaves; by doing so, you have established a life-long profitable relationship with money. Most people don’t get financially trained in college, but thanks to “Effective Business Idea,” you are about to gain the power to control your finances with a free financial education. 

The most fundamental knowledge you must acquire when working towards financial independence is the skill of budgeting. Budgeting plays a vital role in ensuring adequate money inflow and outflow, helping to increase accountability and prudence.  

What is a budget?

A budget is a planned estimate of anticipated income and expenditures for a certain period in the future, and it is created and reevaluated regularly. Everyone, from individuals to families of varying means, as well as governments and corporations, may benefit from developing and sticking to a budget.

Budgeting helps you control your monthly spending, prepare for the unexpected(rainy days), and buy luxury goods and properties without debt. Keeping a budget can be a smooth process; it doesn’t restrict you from buying what you want, but rather, it gives you the freedom to maintain a grip on your finances and a clearer picture of where your money is going.

Introduction to Budgeting

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8 Things to Avoid Spending Money On When Starting Your Catfish Farming Business: Practical Tips for Beginners

Starting a catfish farming business can be exciting and potentially lucrative, but it requires careful planning and smart financial decisions. When I began my own catfish farm, I made several costly mistakes that could have been avoided. In this post, I’ll share what I’ve learned about unnecessary catfish expenses and offer practical tips to help you succeed from the start.

What is insurance? Types of insurance, and why do you need one?

What is insurance? Types of insurance, and why do you need one?

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With a good Insurance policy, the insurance company promises to pay for certain losses, damages, sickness, or deaths in exchange. Insurance is a contract, usually shown by a policy, in which the user agrees to pay a certain fee to an insurance company or the state. It’s a way to protect your finances and handle risks. It protects you from unpredictable losses, damages, or injuries, empowering you to manage risks and control your financial future.

The company responsible for providing insurance is known as an insurance company or, for short, an Insurer. The one seeking to be insured is called a policyholder, which is the person who buys the insurance policy. The policy covers the organisation, person, or product, referred to as the Insured, the entity protected by the insurance policy.

In exchange for this payment, the insurer promises to pay the insured if a loss covered by the policy happens. Even though this loss is not only a financial one, it must be measurable in money. Also, the insurance deal usually involves something in which the covered has an insurable stake, shown by ownership, possession, or a relationship already in place. 

This differentiates insurance from gambling; whatever is being insured must have a direct link with the policyholder. For example, you cannot insure your neighbour’s house or cars because, in the case of damage, you do not have anything to lose in that accident. This financial security is a crucial benefit of insurance, providing reassurance about your financial stability.

Is Trust Wallet a safe place for my Tokens?

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A Brief History of Trust Wallet

Trust Wallet was the brainchild of the visionary Viktor Radchenko, an ingenious Ukrainian investor and founder. His journey began in Ukraine and took a significant turn when he moved to the US in 2011, driven by his ambitious goal of making a global impact. It was in the US that he continued his adventure and eventually founded Trust Wallet. 

After its launch in 2017, it swiftly climbed the ranks to become a top contender in the cryptocurrency utility list. Its initial users were drawn to its unique ability to identify and reveal any ERC-20 token associated with their address. 

As 2018 approached, the founders of this popular cryptocurrency wallet stepped up their game, enhancing its features and addressing the growing concerns of its user base. 

On July 31, 2018, the famous exchange company Binance acquired Trust Wallet, adding another layer of security to Binance’s services. Even though Binance had acquired the cryptocurrency wallet, Viktor stayed through and continued to steer the wallet toward advancement. It is no wonder Trust Wallet made it to the list of the top ten most downloaded cryptocurrency wallets in 2023. 

Related: Your Ultimate Guide to Cryptocurrency Wallets

What is Unique about Trust Wallet? 

Trust Wallet is a software-based cryptocurrency wallet that is user-friendly and easy to use on desktop computers and mobile phones. It’s a cheap option for new and experienced crypto users, with only fees for sending assets and a 1% fee for buying crypto in the app. 

It works with 61 cryptocurrencies and lets users add their coins to track digital assets. Additionally, it works with Bitcoin and Ethereum, making it compatible with major players in the cryptocurrency world.

There are several ways to get help with the wallet’s customer service, such as a help page that caters for frequently asked questions and a direct email to the customer centre.

Six Top Ways Artificial Inteligence Can Grow Your Small Business Enterprise 

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Small and medium-sized businesses face many challenges as they strive to grow and stay relevant in today’s ever-changing business world. One key strategy for remaining competitive is adopting advanced technologies, with artificial intelligence (AI) standing out as a particularly important tool.

AI has become a top priority for businesses of all sizes. More than 50% of small and medium-sized businesses have already started using AI, and this number is expected to grow even more in the future. Even major companies like Amazon and Google are using AI to drive innovation and strengthen their positions in the market. We previously wrote a blog post on “Artificial Intelligence: history, impact and future expectations.

In this blog post, we’ll explore why AI has become so important and how it has the potential to completely change the way small and medium-sized businesses operate. We’ll look at real-life examples and the benefits of AI, showing why it’s not just a trendy term but a crucial tool for businesses that want to succeed in today’s digital world. 

Stock Market: The Basics, Rules, and Success Tools

Introduction to the Stock Market: Bull Run

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What Is the Stock Market?

Stocks can also be called equities and represent securities in which an individual or a body has a percentage interest in a public company. If you hold all the shares of a company, you have voting power over its management.

The stocks listed for trading on the different stock exchanges make up what is often known as the stock market. Shares of publicly traded organisations are traded on several exchanges.

The stock market, governed by well-defined regulations, ensures that all transactions proceed in an orderly manner. This knowledge empowers you, as an investor, to navigate the market with confidence. Trading stocks can be done through formula exchanges or over-the-counter marketplaces, giving you the freedom to choose the method that suits your strategy.

Here is a list of renowned stock exchanges in the US:

Why do companies sell stocks? 

Through an initial public offering (IPO), a private firm takes a significant step towards growth and expansion. The company, now publicly owned and traded, gains a new level of visibility and access to funds for expansion and resource acquisition. This transition opens up a world of possibilities, boosting the company’s capability and potentially leading to significant growth. 

The disadvantage of going public is that it strips the founder or founding team of all control over the business and limits management. 

Individual and corporate investors who believe the company will succeed will purchase such stock offerings, becoming company shareholders. Any dividends and profits from the shares are distributed to the shareholders. Being a shareholder is like bearing the company’s fruit or pain. Hence, If the firm runs out of money, it can also see its investment decline in value or perish totally.

Investment banks are essential to the initial public offering (IPO) process because they contribute to the share selection and underwriting processes. They decide on the price of the shares and the amount to be issued at the IPO. The initial public offering (IPO) procedure may lead to substantial agreements between investment banks and issuing firms worth hundreds of millions of dollars or perhaps one billion dollars or more.

How is the Stock Market regulated?

The Stock Market is regulated mainly by a local financial/monetary regulatory body/institute. The Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) is a US federal facility that regulates the US stock market. 

To ensure that all market participants are similarly informed, the SEC imposes specific rules, such as enforcing the timely submission of financial reports every quarter and rapid notification of pertinent business changes. For instance, if a company fails to submit its financial report within the specified time, the SEC can suspend its trading activities until the report is submitted.

Failure to follow the rules might result in the suspension of trade and other sanctions.

New York Stock Exchange

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Who is a Stockbroker?

A stockbroker is a middleman between the stock exchanges and those willing to invest(Investor). They assist investors by providing advice on potential investments, executing trades, and managing their portfolios. They also keep investors updated on market trends and changes that may affect their investments. Most people ready to invest in the stock market need more patience to learn the skills of the market; they naturally prefer to rely on the expertise of someone skilled in stock buying and selling. 

Significance of a Stock-Simulator 

A stock market simulator is a valuable tool that allows you to enter the market without the risk of losing your hard-earned money. It provides a safe learning environment where you can experience the ups and downs of trading stocks without the fear of financial loss. This sense of security can help you build confidence and develop your trading skills without the pressure of real-world consequences.

Are Online Banks Trustworthy?

Are Online Banks Trust worthy

Online banks are financial firms that provide banking services mainly or totally through the Internet. Their services range from account opening to bill payments and CD investments. 

Online banks operate 24/7 and offer lower fees, fewer time limits, higher savings and CD rates, and cashback rewards.

The main drawback of Online banks is their exclusive virtual operation: Customers will be unable to deposit or withdraw cash due to this. Some online banks offer ATM services, like Capital One 360, blending physical and virtual operations, widely recognised as online. However, these developments still do not entirely remove the doubt many still have about online banks. 

In this blog post, you will get a very definite understanding of how online banks handle security and if you can trust an online bank to keep your earnings.

FDIC’s role in bank security

In 1933, Congress inaugurated the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) to keep the country’s banking system stable and the public’s trust in it. This was an urgent and highly needed move because, in the 1920s, spanning into the early 30s, a national bank failure resulted in a severe loss of many American savings. 

The FDIC has been saddled with the responsibility of Insuring financial institutions, bringing accountability, and increasing customer protection. Part of the duties is to make significant economic issues easily resolvable. Since its inception, the FDIC has proven its capacity over the years by changing the US banking security trajectory. 

Aside from federal government funding, the FDIC collects premiums from its members to cover expenses and compensate depositors at failing banks. The bank deposits the money into a Deposit Insurance Fund (DIF), with banks paying based on insured deposit balances and risk levels.

Related blog post: What are online banks? Features, Drawbacks & Reputable Banks.

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